Wikipedia began with its first edit on 15 January , two days after the domain was registered  by Jimmy Wales and Larry Sanger. Its technological and conceptual underpinnings predate this; the earliest known proposal for an online encyclopedia was made by Rick Gates in ,  and the concept of a free-as-in-freedom online encyclopedia as distinct from mere open source  was proposed by Richard Stallman in December Crucially, Stallman's concept specifically included the idea that no central organization should control editing. In practice, Wikipedia quickly overtook Nupedia, becoming a global project in multiple languages and inspiring a wide range of other online reference projects. Wikipedia's worldwide monthly readership is approximately million. The concept of compiling the world's knowledge in a single location dates back to the ancient Libraries of Alexandria and Pergamum , but the modern concept of a general-purpose, widely distributed, printed encyclopedia originated with Denis Diderot and the 18th-century French encyclopedists.
ದೂರದರ್ಶನ ಪ್ರಬಂಧ Doordarshan Prabandha in Kannada Language
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It is broadly classified into four prominent forms styles based on the date of production. They are:. Literature of Adi kal c. Jayachandra , the last ruler of Kannauj gave more patronage to Sanskrit rather than local dialects. Harsha, the author of Naishdhiya Charitra , was his court poet.
A sound film is a motion picture with synchronized sound, or sound technologically coupled to image, as opposed to a silent film. The first known public exhibition of projected sound films took place in Paris in , but decades passed before sound motion pictures were made commercially practical. Reliable synchronization was difficult to achieve with the early sound-on-disc systems, and amplification and recording quality were also inadequate. Innovations in sound-on-film led to the first commercial screening of short motion pictures using the technology, which took place in