An abstract is a short summary of your own text article , thesis etc. In a condensed form it includes all the information necessary to understand what you have written, why you have done so, your position regarding the subject and in relation to its academic discourse. If the work that you want to write an abstract for includes own research then you must also provide a brief introduction regarding its background, method, design and results. Whatever your text may be about, writing the abstract should be the absolute final step. Yet be sure to not hesitate to write it, as having the ideas fresh in your mind can aid in the abstract writing process. But before you do so, spare a moment to figure out who will be your target audience and how much they will be involved in the subject so that you will find both the right amount of information as well as the right language to convey it.
How to Write an Abstract for a Scientific Paper
How to write an abstract with examples
Published on February 28, by Shona McCombes. Revised on May 3, An abstract is a short summary of a longer work such as a dissertation or research paper. The abstract concisely reports the aims and outcomes of your research so that readers know exactly what the paper is about. There are four things you need to include:. In a dissertation or thesis , include the abstract on a separate page, after the title page and acknowledgements but before the table of contents.
How to write an abstract
The aim of a thesis abstract is to give the reader a broad overview of what your research project was about and what you found that was novel, before he or she decides to read the entire thesis. The exception to this is your PhD examiner, however know that even they may not read the entire length of the document. Some people may still skip to and read specific sections throughout your thesis such as the methodology, but the fact is that the abstract will be all that most read and will therefore be the section they base their opinions about your research on. In short, make sure you write a good, well-structured abstract.
Professional papers are demanding through strict requirements on how to organize thoughts regardless of whether it is a scientific or academic paper. Learning how to write an abstract that meets expected standards is crucial not only for your upcoming paper but also in your research work. That said, writing an abstract is straightforward and takes a fraction of your time in coming up with a full article. Read on to discover steps in writing a great abstract. What is an abstract?