In a sense there have always and ever been only two political philosophies: liberty and power. It has gone by many names—Caesarism, Oriental despotism, theocracy, socialism, fascism, communism, monarchism, ujamaa, welfare-statism—and the arguments for each of these systems have been different enough to conceal the essential similarity. The philosophy of liberty has also gone by different names, but its defenders have always had a common thread of respect for the individual, confidence in the ability of ordinary people to make wise decisions about their own lives, and hostility to those who would use violence to get what they want. The first known libertarian may have been the Chinese philosopher Lao Tzu, who lived around the sixth century B. To many Americans, steeped in the assertiveness and individualism of the West, it may seem to counsel too much passivity and acceptance in the face of obstacles. Despite the example of Lao Tzu, libertarianism really arose in the West.
Essay about Arguments Of Fedrealists V. Anti-Federalists
Brutus (Antifederalist) - Wikipedia
John Jay December 12, — May 17,  was an American statesman, patriot , diplomat , Founding Father , abolitionist , negotiator, and signatory of the Treaty of Paris of He directed U. Jay was born into a wealthy family of merchants and New York City government officials of French Huguenot and Dutch descent. He became a lawyer and joined the New York Committee of Correspondence, organizing American opposition to British policies such as the Intolerable Acts in the leadup to the American Revolution.
View in National Archives Catalog. May 25, , freshly spread dirt covered the cobblestone street in front of the Pennsylvania State House, protecting the men inside from the sound of passing carriages and carts. Guards stood at the entrances to ensure that the curious were kept at a distance. Robert Morris of Pennsylvania, the "financier" of the Revolution, opened the proceedings with a nomination--Gen. George Washington for the presidency of the Constitutional Convention.
James Madison Jr. March 16, [b] — June 28, was an American statesman, diplomat, expansionist, philosopher, and Founding Father who served as the fourth president of the United States from to He is hailed as the "Father of the Constitution" for his pivotal role in drafting and promoting the Constitution of the United States and the United States Bill of Rights. Born into a prominent Virginia planter family, Madison served as a member of the Virginia House of Delegates and the Continental Congress during and after the American Revolutionary War.