Cerebral palsy CP is a type of motor disorder that can result from brain damage or abnormalities. In many cases, it is caused by a birth injury ; that is, a complication or medical error shortly before, during, or after birth. Cerebral palsy is typically diagnosed in babies and toddlers between 18 and 24 months of age 1 , although signs and symptoms may be present much earlier. In fact, recent research indicates that babies can often be diagnosed with cerebral palsy by six months of corrected age if physicians know what clinical features and test results to look for 2. Close monitoring is especially important for babies who experienced a birth injury such as birth asphyxia or hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy HIE , because they are at higher risk of developing cerebral palsy.
Power mobility and socialization in preschool: a case study of a child with cerebral palsy
Case study (Cerebral Palsy) Free Essay Sample
Abducens sixth cranial nerve palsy is the most common ocular motor paralysis in adults and the second-most common in children. The abducens nerve controls the lateral rectus muscle, which AB-ducts the eye. Abducens nerve palsy causes an esotropia due to the unopposed action of the antagonistic medial rectus muscle. The affected eye turns in toward the nose and is unable to AB-duct properly. The esodeviation is incomitant, greater when the patient is looking toward the affected side and when fixating at distance versus at near. Damage or disruption to the abducens nerve anywhere along its long intracranial course the sixth nerve has the longest intracranial course of all the cranial nerves can result in a palsy.
Case study (Cerebral Palsy) Essay
Toll-Free U. Your gift of Ability affects everything we do every day at Shirley Ryan AbilityLab — from the highest-quality clinical care and groundbreaking research to community programs that improve quality of life. Philanthropic support truly drives our mission and vision. Instrument Details.
Cerebral atrophy is a common feature of many of the diseases that affect the brain. In brain tissue, atrophy describes a loss of neurons and the connections between them. Atrophy can be generalized, which means that all of the brain has shrunk; or it can be focal, affecting only a limited area of the brain and resulting in a decrease of the functions that area of the brain controls.