Each citation style handles this situation a little bit differently! Here are specific examples of how it works in the three major citation styles:. When an author or author s published multiple sources in the same year, include a lowercase letter immediately following the date. Begin this lettering with "a" and continue in alphabetical order. Thereafter, in place of the name, type three hyphens, followed by a period and the title. The three hyphens stand for exactly the same name as in the preceding entry.
The MLA Style Center
Blog | How do I cite an online article in MLA?
Works may include an essay in an edited collection or anthology, or a chapter of a book. The basic form is for this sort of citation is as follows: Last name, First name. Year of publication in round brackets. Title of book in italics. Place of publication: publisher.
How to Cite an Article in an Essay? (APA and MLA)
If there are three or more authors, list only the first author followed by the phrase et al. Note that there is a period after al in et al. Also note that there is never a period after the et in et al. In et al.
Parenthetical citation, also known as in-text citation, is an easy way to create citations within your document, allowing your reader to see where you found the information without looking at the bottom of the page or the end of the document for a footnote or endnote. Although footnotes were once the go-to way to cite information, parenthetical citation has become increasingly more popular, and is the go-to citation format for MLA format. In this guide we will show you a step-by-step process on how to add parenthetical citations to your essay in MLA format. Parenthetical citation is a way of providing a short reference to the source used when citing to material that is referenced, either by a direct quotation or an indirect reference.