Background: Statins have long been used for the protection against coronary artery disease CAD. Their beneficial effect apart from cholesterol reduction lies in their pleiotropic properties. Emerging evidence from laboratory studies and clinical trials as well have pointed out the pivotal role of inflammation on the initiation and exacerbation of atherosclerosis; a major cause of CAD. Inflammation markers such as high sensitivity C-reactive protein and adhesion molecules are shown to increase in CAD patients and are used as prognostic tools.
Coronary artery disease
Literature Review On Coronary Heart Disease Free Essays
Coronary artery disease CAD , also called coronary heart disease CHD , ischemic heart disease IHD ,  or simply heart disease , involves the reduction of blood flow to the heart muscle due to build-up of plaque atherosclerosis in the arteries of the heart. Usually symptoms occur with exercise or emotional stress , last less than a few minutes, and improve with rest. Risk factors include high blood pressure , smoking , diabetes , lack of exercise, obesity , high blood cholesterol , poor diet, depression , and excessive alcohol. Ways to reduce CAD risk include eating a healthy diet , regularly exercising, maintaining a healthy weight, and not smoking. In , CAD affected million people and resulted in 8.
A review on coronary artery disease, its risk factors, and therapeutics
Read online. Cardiovascular is the major cause of death in chronic kidney disease and end-stage renal disease. The cardiovascular mortality rate of patients with renal impairment is evaluated to be higher than general population.
Introduction Some 7 million Americans suffer from coronary heart disease CHD , the most common form of heart disease. This type of heart disease is caused by a narrowing of the coronary arteries that feed the heart. CHD is the number one killer of both men and women in the U. Each year, more than , Americans die of heart attacks caused by CHD.