Animal testing , also known as animal experimentation , animal research and in vivo testing , is the use of non-human animals in experiments that seek to control the variables that affect the behavior or biological system under study. This approach can be contrasted with field studies in which animals are observed in their natural environments or habitats. Experimental research with animals is usually conducted in universities, medical schools, pharmaceutical companies, defense establishments and commercial facilities that provide animal-testing services to industry. Examples of applied research include testing disease treatments, breeding, defense research and toxicology , including cosmetics testing. In education, animal testing is sometimes a component of biology or psychology courses.
Journal Author Gateway
Journal Author Gateway | SAGE Publications Ltd
The Chemical Engineering Journal focuses upon three aspects of chemical engineering : chemical reaction engineering, environmental chemical engineering, and materials synthesis and processing. The Chemical Engineering Journal is an international research journal and invites contributions of original and novel fundamental research. The journal aims to provide an international forum for the presentation of original fundamental research, interpretative reviews and discussion of new developments in chemical engineering. Papers which describe novel theory and its application to practice are welcome, as are those which illustrate the transfer of techniques from other disciplines. Reports of carefully executed experimental work, which is soundly interpreted are also welcome.
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Alleluia, alleluia. Your word, O Lord, is truth; consecrate us in the truth. Or YOUR family loike?? They rigged the dominion machines too. The club earlier said Mr Lawwell and his family are "extremely shaken" after the blaze, which also caused extensive damage to a garage.
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