A rare condition called elephantiasis, which tends to strike people in tropical parts of the world, was long thought to occur due to a parasitic infection. But a new study shows that the condition can have another cause: sharp crystals found in certain soils. In elephantiasis , a person's limbs become discolored and swollen with fluid. They may swell to enormous sizes, resembling the limbs of an elephant.
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Cases of 'Elephantiasis' Traced to Unexpected Cause | Live Science
JOJ Case Stud. DOI: Go to Case Report Abstract Introduction Case Presentation Discussion References Abstract Filariasis of the breast, most commonly caused by a roundworm in the Filarioidea family, Wuchereria bancrofti, can have pathognomonic findings of breast calcifications on mammography that may be confused with other calcifications associated with malignancy. The purpose of this report is to describe a classic presentation of breast filariasis on mammography and distinguish it from other malignant calcifications of the breast. This parasite is transmitted by mosquitoes and black flies that carry larvae from one human host to the next.
A year-old man in India developed elephantiasis in his leg after contracting a parasite via a mosquito bite four years ago. Now the man has lost significant mobility, had to give up work, and may lose his life if the problem is not addressed quickly. Over the course of four years, Chetan Pithadia's leg began to swell slowly and today it is estimated to weigh around 55 pounds, The Daily Mail reported. Pithadia, from the city of Jamnagar on the West coast of India, believes he contracted the roundworm infection from a mosquito bite that slowly grew over time.
Background: Podoconiosis, also known as mossy foot or endemic non-filarial elephantiasis, is a preventable form of lower-leg lymphoedema caused by prolonged typically barefoot exposure to soil derived from volcanic rocks. Acute adenolymphangitis also called 'acute attack' is a serious complication of podoconiosis resulting in significant symptoms and worsening disability. Despite the well-known morbidity associated with podoconiosis, to date there have been no studies looking at the impact, or burden, of podoconiosis on caregivers.