Citing academic papers properly are done to counteract plagiarism. These citing formats are used to recognize related literary pieces and to mention references used. You should study various citing styles and research paper well before producing essays or any other pieces of academic writing. In this article, we will be tackling how to format research papers as well as how to properly reference academic papers. APA American Psychological Association research paper format is often used in papers related to psychology and social sciences. Academic papers in APA citation has general writing guidelines.
How to Cite an Essay in MLA
Citing an Article - Chicago/Turabian Citation - Research Guides at Heidelberg University
Published on September 12, by Jack Caulfield. Revised on April 30, An in-text citation is used to point readers toward any source you quote , paraphrase or refer to in your writing. The Chicago Manual of Style has two options for in-text citations:. You should choose one of these two citation options and use it consistently throughout your text. The source details are listed in full in a bibliography or reference list at the end.
If you want to re-use portions of a paper you wrote for a previous assignment or course, you need to take care to avoid self-plagiarism. The APA Manual 6th edition, p. To avoid self-plagiarism, you should request approval from your instructor to use portions of your prior work, and you also need to provide a proper citation within your paper. If you are citing your own writing from a paper submitted for a previous course, then you would generally cite it as an unpublished manuscript. Here are specific examples of how it works in the three major citation styles:.
Need to reference an image in an essay? Then make sure you cite it, too! In this post, we look at how to cite an image in Chicago footnote referencing. If you are simply mentioning an image in the text of an essay — not reproducing it in the essay itself — you can simply add a footnote citation for the source:.