A therapeutic vaccine is a vaccine which is administered after a disease or infection has already occurred. A therapeutic vaccine works by activating the immune system of a patient to fight an infection. A therapeutic vaccine differs from a prophylactic vaccine in that prophylactic vaccines are administered to individuals as a precautionary measure to avoid the infection or disease while therapeutic vaccines are administered after the individual is already affected by the disease or infection. Therapeutic vaccine fights the existing infection in the body rather than immunizing the body for protection against future diseases and infections. The patients affected with chronic viral infections are administered with therapeutic vaccines, as their immune system is not able to produce enough efficient antibodies. Provenge , developed by Dendreon , was the first therapeutic vaccine approved by FDA in
Case Study: Definition, Examples, Types, and How to Write
Metrics details. Creatine is one of the most popular nutritional ergogenic aids for athletes. Studies have consistently shown that creatine supplementation increases intramuscular creatine concentrations which may help explain the observed improvements in high intensity exercise performance leading to greater training adaptations. Additionally, a number of clinical applications of creatine supplementation have been studied involving neurodegenerative diseases e. Additionally, researchers have identified a number of potentially beneficial clinical uses of creatine supplementation. Moreover, significant health benefits may be provided by ensuring habitual low dietary creatine ingestion e. The purpose of this review is to provide an update to the current literature regarding the role and safety of creatine supplementation in exercise, sport, and medicine and to update the position stand of International Society of Sports Nutrition ISSN.
Writing a Counselling Case Study
Exercise is one of the most underutilized treatment option in modern American healthcare which places an emphasis on medications and procedures. The benefits of exercise have been researched and documented by many groups and agencies over the past three decades. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 2 , the U. Surgeon General, and the National Institutes of Health 3 have issued landmark publications on physical activity and health. Exercise and physical activity are often overlooked as therapeutic treatment options.
A hot bath is the original hydrotherapy — water treatment — and still the best. To get the most benefit out of a hot soak, here are several tips and tricks. You will probably be surprised by some of them.