America has long had a fickle relationship with homework. A century or so ago, progressive reformers argued that it made kids unduly stressed , which later led in some cases to district-level bans on it for all grades under seventh. This anti-homework sentiment faded, though, amid mid-century fears that the U. The 21st century has so far been a homework-heavy era, with American teenagers now averaging about twice as much time spent on homework each day as their predecessors did in the s. Even little kids are asked to bring school home with them. But not without pushback.
The great homework debate
Rethinking Homework - Alfie Kohn
No-homework policies are popping up all over, including schools in the U. College de Saint-Ambroise, an elementary school in Quebec, is the latest school to ban homework, announcing this week that it would try the new policy for a year. Kralovec called the ban on homework a movement, though she estimated just a small handful of schools in the U. Gaithersburg Elementary School in Rockville, Maryland, is one of them, eliminating the traditional concept of homework in
Janine Bempechat is a professor of human development and psychology at Wheelock College, in Massachusetts. Below, she explains why homework serves an important purpose for students of all ages. Etta Kralovec is a professor of education at the University of Arizona. She is also a coauthor of the book The End of Homework.
Elizabeth Martin, head of EMEA Equities Execution Services and Systematic Market Making, discusses the evolving liquidity landscape, the advancement of electronic trading and how European clients are navigating the capital markets heading into the second half of the year. Susie Scher of the Investment Banking Division talks about how companies are meeting their financing needs in this environment and the broader sentiment for banking activity in the second half of America appears to be at a point of reckoning with its long history of social and economic racial inequality.