Luther argued that the Church should not sell indulgences. Because many people agreed, Luther became very popular, paving the way for the Protestant Reformation. On October 31, , Luther approached the church authorities with his pressing call for reform. On this day he presented them with his theses.
Ninety Nine Theses
Martin Luther's 95 Theses
At the heart of Martin Luther's argument in the Ninety-Five Theses and in his later writings, was the belief that Christian salvation through personal piety requires a sense of contrition for sins and trust in God's mercy. Attending Church, pilgrimages, fasting and charity "good works" alone did not earn salvation. Luther attacked the sale of indulgences when he nailed the Ninety-Five Theses to the door of Wittenberg castle. The theses or propositions challenged the notion of selling indulgences not only as a corrupt practice, but also as theologically unsound practice.
The Catholic doctrine of indulgences has never been that the days attached to an indulgence were for relief of those number of days in purgatory. The issue here though is not to cite the Catholic doctrine correctly, but to cite what was taught at the time, and what Martin Luther was objecting to. If someone can show me that this "relief of days in purgatory" is what was actually taught, then it's fine. Otherwise it should be removed. I could try and correct it, but the para itself looks irrelevant to the 95 theses.
The Ninety-five Theses or Disputation on the Power of Indulgences are a list of propositions for an academic disputation written in by Martin Luther , professor of moral theology at the University of Wittenberg , Germany, that started the Reformation , a schism in the Catholic Church which profoundly changed Europe. On 31 October , Luther wrote to Albert, Archbishop of Mainz and Magdeburg , protesting the sale of indulgences in his episcopal territories and inviting him to a disputation on the matter. He enclosed 95 Theses , a copy of which he traditionally posted that day to the door of the Castle Church in Wittenberg. Luther had already preached against indulgences, but he wrote the 95 Theses partly in reaction to the promotion of indulgences by Johann Tetzel , papal commissioner for indulgences in Germany, to raise funds for the renovation of St.