Little did I know that he had died a few hours earlier, at the age of For 40 years Fischer had towered over the by now famous debate on the origins of the First World War. He instigated it with the publication, in and , of two scholarly articles in the Historische Zeitschrift about war-aims policies. Both put German historians on notice of what was to come when his seminal book Griff nach der Weltmacht "Bid for World Power" appeared in October An English version of the book , translated by the Oxford historian C.
Obituary: Professor Fritz Fischer
Obituary: Professor Fritz Fischer | The Independent | The Independent
It is one of the leading contributions to historical analysis of the causes of World War I , and along with this work War of Illusions Krieg der Illusionen gave rise to the " Fischer Thesis " on the causes of the war. The title translates as "Grab for World Power". Griff nach der Weltmacht was published in October Macartney with an introduction by James Joll. Fischer argued that Germany had a policy of deliberately provoking war during July and that during the war Germany developed a set of annexationist war aims similar to those of Adolf Hitler during the Second World War.
The Fischer Thesis of the First World War
Sarajevo was but a convenient excuse for the pan-European war imperialist Germany had been planning for several years. The Fischer Thesis has been especially controversial because it seeks to establish a continuity between pre-World War I Germany and the Third Reich — refuting the German school of apologists who had labored to disassociate the year long Nazi regime from the rest of German history interestingly, Fischer accomplished this while not mentioning Nazism even once. Nazi Germany - Nazi Germany research papers show that it took the Great Depression — which hit Germany harder than any other nation — to turn Nazism into a true mass movement. Cultural Imperialism - Cultural Imperialism research papers discuss outright, military-based imperialism of the type that was practiced by western powers at the beginning of the twentieth century, which has gone out of favor since that time. German Militarism - German Militarism research paper attempts to make the case that the primary cause of World War II was German aggression and militarism.
In the early s Fischer advanced the controversial thesis that responsibility for the outbreak of the war rested solely on Imperial Germany. Fischer was born in Ludwigsstadt in Bavaria. In , Fischer was given a professorship at the University of Hamburg and he married Margarete Lauth-Volkmann, with whom he fathered two children. After his release from a POW camp in , Fischer went on as a professor at the University of Hamburg , where he stayed until his retirement in