On 16 August , severe floods affected the south Indian state Kerala , due to unusually high rainfall during the monsoon season. All 14 districts of the state were placed on red alert. Thirty-five  out of the fifty-four  dams within the state were opened, for the first time in history. All five overflow gates of the Idukki Dam were opened at the same time, and for the first time in 26 years 5 gates of the Malampuzha dam of Palakkad were opened. The deluge has been considered an impact of the global warming. Independent scientific studies conducted by Hydrology experts from IIT Madras , Purdue University , and IIT Gandhinagar concluded that it was the heavy downpour that resulted it the floods, and not the dam management.
The excess of water in an area which is not used to having so much water or is relatively dry is called flood. Floods cause havoc in many regions of India every year during the monsoon season. However, not much is done to prevent these floods which lead to vast destruction in both rural and urban areas. That is why the students should understand what floods are all about, how are they caused and what can be done in order to minimise the damage caused due to floods. Taking this into account we have come up with long essays for children to help them understand this otherwise natural disaster.
In the initial days after the flood, which claimed not less than lives and turned several lakhs homeless, Kerala had set an example to the nation with all joining hands forgetting the political leniencies to give a hand to those affected. In Kerala, two weeks after the biggest floods in a century hit the state, petty politics is slowly taking the centre stage in public discussions over relief and rescue issues. The race has begun and the signs are visible everywhere including the tiny battle boxes of Malayalam television channels which did a commendable job in reporting the tragedy from the ground. As reporters are gradually running out of fresh stories from the relief camps, television anchors are struggling to find new angles and what better than a hot, ugly debate on one-upmanship and likely misuse of flood relief funds? Vijayan said a total of Rs crore was collected during the Okhi disaster, of which nearly Rs crore has been spent already while commitments have been made for another Rs 85 crore.